Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. Child labour can also be defined as the full-time employment of children who are under a minimum legal age.
In developing countries, with high poverty and poor schooling opportunities, child labour is still prevalent. In 2010, sub-saharan Africa had the highest incidence rates of child labour, with several African nations witnessing over 50 percent of children aged 5–17 working. Worldwide agriculture is the largest employer of child labour.
Although children had been servants and apprentices throughout most of human history, child labor reached new extremes during the Industrial Revolution.
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